Missed Period – Am I Pregnant?

Had A Missed Period?

It’s the million dollar question when you have a missed period – could I be pregnant?

If your period has given you a no-show, it’s one of several possible signs of pregnancy.

However, it doesn’t automatically mean that you could be pregnant.

Firstly, lets look at some basics, assuming you haven’t taken a pregnancy test as yet.

1. How many days have passed in your cycle?

If you don’t track your cycle (and I highly recommend you do – check out BellyBelly’s article on charting your cycle) then you may not know the answer to this one. But if you do track your cycle and know the date when your period should have be due, you should have an idea if you’re just a few days off, or quite a bit off. Your period may be late for various reasons – including a possible miscalculation in your cycle days.

2. Have you had unprotected intercourse while you were fertile?

Lets say you’re about four weeks out from your last period, and you ovulated around day 14. Did you have unprotected sex approximately two weeks ago? If you’ve not had a period for five weeks, did you have unprotected sex three weeks ago? And so on…

Not sure how to tell if you’re fertile or not? See our article about cervical mucus, ovulation and your fertile period.

3. Do you have any pregnancy signs or symptoms?

Here is a great list of pregnancy symptoms worth checking out.

If you can relate to some of those, this may strengthen the case for being pregnant.

10 Reasons Why You May Have Missed Your Period — But Are Not Pregnant

If you’re not sure if you may or may not be pregnant, and assuming you haven’t miscalculated your cycle, here are some possible explanations of missed or no period.

#1: Are You Taking Any Medications Or Are You On The Pill?

The pill is notorious for masking any underlying reproductive problems. While it’s usually a reliable form of contraception, its not 100% fail-proof, nor does it come without its fair share of side effects. It may also be hiding some reproductive issues requiring attention, which could be the reason why your cycle may be off the rails.

It’s worth asking your doctor for a blood test to find out if there are any issues with hormone levels. Acupunture is commonly used by fertility patients with great results, so look into seeing a Doctor of Traditional Chinese Medicine who can help to diagnose any issues, try to help regulate your cycle, and let you know when you need the help of Western medicine.

You also might like to consider natural fertility management. As my naturopath, Nicole Tracy (who is also a natural fertility educator) once said, ‘It doesn’t make sense to take a pill every day of the month, when you can only conceive for around five of those days.”

So we’re putting unnatural levels of hormones into our body every single day to protect us from pregnancy for just 5 days out of a month. There are three days before ovulation (sperm can live for up to 72 hours inside your body) and an egg can survive for around 24 hours once released. I highly recommend looking into natural fertility management, which is much better for your body — and easy once you’ve learned some basics.

#2: Have You Been Sick Lately?

Illness can cause a missed period.

Even if it’s been just a short illness, it can still effect your hormones.

This shouldn’t occur on an ongoing basis and it’s definitely still worth checking with your doctor if you’re concerned.

#3: Stress!

Stress can create inflammation in the body and havoc on hormones. Have you been under any intense stress of late?

When we’re stressed, hormones can prevent ovulation and even your period. If you have been stressed, it’s best to look into some ways in which you can decrease your stress levels and regulate your hormones. Some of the best things for stress relief include:

  • Exercise – try and get out for even a short walk every day. It helps to clear the mind and boosts happy hormones. Its one of the best things you can do for depression and anxiety. Vitamin D from the sun is a great mood booster too.
  • Get a good night’s sleep – if you’re not sleeping as long as you should, this needs to be made a priority. If you’re having trouble sleeping, exercise early in the day/morning opposed to night time is a good way to help promote restful sleep.
  • Acupuncture – Chinese medicine has been around for a heck of a lot longer than modern medicine and it does work. In fact the World Health Organisation recommends its for a treatment for over a thousand conditions. It’s not only effective, but relaxing.
  • Boost your vitamin intake – If your diet isn’t great or you in case you need a boost, get a great multi-B supplement and magnesium to help replenish these vitamins that fall victim to stress! Fresh veggies of all colours are a great way of boosting vitamin and mineral intake too. Check your iron (ferritin) levels too, which can make you feel tired and stressed when they’re low.
  • Massage – great for relieving tension and relaxing tense muscles. Massage isn’t a luxury, its a must with lots of benefits to your mind and body.

#4: Are You Overweight?

If you’re overweight, this can alter hormones and prevent your period. This doesn’t mean you need to lose a drastic amount of weight to get your period again, but you may need to shift some.

If this is the case, cutting out as much sugar and processed foods (especially wheat products) as you can, will make a big difference. Aim to get some exercise each day. If you feel quite unfit (as many of us have at some point in our lives!) start small. Even a walk around the block each day helps, and you can build up from there. Doing something will result in a difference compared to doing nothing.

To help with weight loss, BellyBelly members love the iPhone application, My Fitness Pal. Pop in your current weight, goal weight, and it gives you a target calorie intake per day. You enter in the foods you eat (like a journal) and it deducts the calories for you, so you can see exactly where the calories are going. However, the most important thing is to reduce the calories from sugar and processed food intake.

You might also like to use Run Keeper which is a great motivator to get out and about, no matter if you walk or run. You can program your music into it and it keeps track of time, distance, calories and sends reminders to get out and exercise.

#5: Are You Underweight?

If your body fat level is too low, you can get missed or no periods.

Putting on weight usually rectifies this problem, but its important to put on weight healthily or you could have other health consequences.

As per above, the My Fitness Pal iPhone app can help you with your fitness and weight goals.

#6: Are You A Shift Worker or Frequent Traveller?

If your body clock is competing against your shiftwork or if you travel across time zones, your hormones can be thrown out of whack too.

Where possible, try to find ways to help make your schedule more body friendly – cut back night work, reduce travel demands, or do whatever it takes to help your body get into a more natural rhythm.

#7: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the result of a hormonal imbalance which interferes with normal ovulation.

As a result, women with PCOS can have very long cycles and fertility issues. While the cause of PCOS isn’t known, one theory is that it’s the result of increased insulin production in the body.

Find out lots of great information in BellyBelly’s article on PCOS.

#8: Are You Breastfeeding?

If you’re currently breastfeeding, it may take a while for your hormones to adjust back into normal, regular periods.

Our bodies are really clever – after you give birth, the baby breastfeeding signals the body to suppress ovulation.

Over time, your hormone levels build up enough to the point of ovulating, then menstruating.

For more information, have a look at BellyBelly’s article, Menstruation, Your Period and Ovulation After Baby.

#9: Have You Had A Baby Recently?

If you’ve just had a baby, your cycle may be irregular at first.

Especially if you’re exclusively breastfeeding, it may take a little longer for your period to return to normal.

#10: Other Medical Problems

There are some other medical problems which can result in missed, irregular or no periods. An underactive thyroid can result in irregular periods (as well as weight gain), so when you see your doctor, make sure this is one thing they check out. A thorough check is needed for an accurate result — make sure they test for T3 and T4 in your blood test.

In some rarer cases, younger women can go through menopause early or there could be some other medical reason for your lack of period.

If any of the above don’t relate to you, its worth paying the doctor a visit so you can find out exactly what your hormones are doing and if you need referral to a gynaecologist. There’s no need to expect the worst, sometimes it can be a simple or unexplained thing that resolves itself.

What Now?

If you’ve had a missed period, one of the quickest and easiest ways to confirm a pregnancy is to do a test.

This will rule it out for you once and for all.

If you make sure that you have a healthy lifestyle, then you should be well on your way to having a normal cycle again.

Last Updated: August 13, 2015

CONTRIBUTOR

Kelly Winder is the creator of BellyBelly.com.au, a doula, writer and mother to three awesome children. Currently, she's travelling the world for 12 months with her partner and children, and hopes to inspire more families to do the same. Visit aroundtheworldpluskids.com.au for more information.


13 comments

  1. I stopped mid Levora pill pack jan and still had period. Still no pill missing 2 days of period for end of feb/early march. 3 tests negative and I’m 38 almost 39. Last child 31 test right away positive. I have panic disorder on a few meds- could I still be a normal pregnancy if pregnant?

  2. Hey.
    I am 15 and I miss my period and I am having symptoms of being pregnant I took a test is came back negative but when I took another one it didn’t show up but when I put it up to the light there was 2 lines. When I went to wipe there was a brown looking color but now today is fresh blood and it’s heavy. What do I do?

  3. Hi I just have one question I haven’t had my period in almost two months now but I’ve taken some tests and they all say I’m negative but I have nothing else going on no stress or anything so what could be wrong please help

  4. I had sex with my boyfriend a week after my period a condom broke . So now my periods haven’t came about a week till I told my self I’m pregnant . We had unprotected sex again hoping that I’m pregnant , but the next day I woke up cramping and bleeding but it didn’t last as usually . Could I be pregnant?

  5. I haven’t seen my prieod 3 months, I have 7 months old girl also breastfeeding, home test result negative, please anyone know what heppning with me.

  6. I am 24 years old. I got a problem with my periods I think it’s 3months now but still no periods at the same time I wanna to fall pregnancy please help me I want to know where is my problem.

  7. Hai I’m 21 it has been 1month I didn’t get my period I was scared that it may be pregnant I had used so many natural tips to for my period bt it was not worked yet I was so scared pls can u give me a solution or an answer weather im being to have pregnancy

  8. Hi I missed my period two weeks ago, I freaked out and got a pregnancy test but it came out negative. I just went to the doctor an had an ultrasound done and he told me he saw something but it looked too small and to let him know if I didn’t have my next period. Me and my husband have been trying to have a baby so I don’t want to get my hopes up but what does that even mean?

  9. Hi!
    I am just wondering how often it happens that you are a week late but showing negative on your pregnancy test? I am 36, stopped breastfeeding about 2-3 months ago, have had fairly regular periods for the last 10 months and had intercourse in the “fertile window”. I’m now a week late and have taken 2 pregnancy tests now both showing negative. I’m not able to see a doctor for at least 3 weeks, so I’m really wondering what’s going on. Last test was taken this morning, day 7 late. Any advice is appreciated.
    Thanks.

  10. My period on last month of 19 to 26 last week maybe 5 days ago my nipple biting and swelling and tenderness my breast so now 2days missed my period whats does it means…is a sign that i’m pregnant

  11. I’m 18 and I been of low dose birth control for about 3 months. I had unprotected sex with my boyfriend and last week I have been experience breast tenderness. Nipple soreness and sensitive. I made an appointment to my obgyn this Friday but I haven’t tooken a pregnancy test because I didn’t miss my period yet.

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