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Thread: Whats in breastmilk & whats in formula: ingredients list

  1. #1

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    Default Whats in breastmilk & whats in formula: ingredients list

    For those of you who are interested to see what ingredients are in breastmilk and/or formula.

    http://www.bellybelly.com.au/forums/...breastmilk.pdf (downloadable sheet)

    BREASTMILK

    Water
    Carbohydrates (energy source)
    Lactose
    Oligosaccharides (see below)
    Carboxylic acid
    Alpha hydroxy acid
    Lactic acid
    Proteins (building muscles and bones)
    Whey protein
    Alpha-lactalbumin
    HAMLET (Human Alpha-lactalbumin Made Lethal to Tumour cells)
    Lactoferrin
    Many antimicrobial factors (see below)
    Casein
    Serum albumin
    Non-protein nitrogens
    Creatine
    Creatinine
    Urea
    Uric acid
    Peptides (see below)
    Amino Acids (the building blocks of proteins)
    Alanine
    Arginine
    Aspartate
    Clycine
    Cystine
    Glutamate
    Histidine
    Isoleucine
    Leucine
    Lycine
    Methionine
    Phenylalanine
    Proline
    Serine
    Taurine
    Theronine
    Tryptophan
    Tyrosine
    Valine
    Carnitine (amino acid compound necessary to make use of fatty acids as an energy source)
    Nucleotides (chemical compounds that are the structural units of RNA and DNA)
    5’-Adenosine monophosphate (5”-AMP)
    3’:5’-Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (3’:5’-cyclic AMP)
    5’-Cytidine monophosphate (5’-CMP)
    Cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP choline)
    Guanosine diphosphate (UDP)
    Guanosine diphosphate - mannose
    3’- Uridine monophosphate (3’-UMP)
    5’-Uridine monophosphate (5’-UMP)
    Uridine diphosphate (UDP)
    Uridine diphosphate hexose (UDPH)
    Uridine diphosphate-N-acetyl-hexosamine (UDPAH)
    Uridine diphosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA)
    Several more novel nucleotides of the UDP type
    Fats
    Triglycerides
    Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
    Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (important for brain development)
    Arachidonic acid (AHA) (important for brain development)
    Linoleic acid
    Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)
    Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
    Conjugated linoleic acid (Rumenic acid)
    Free Fatty Acids
    Monounsaturated fatty acids
    Oleic acid
    Palmitoleic acid
    Heptadecenoic acid
    Saturated fatty acids
    Stearic
    Palmitic acid
    Lauric acid
    Myristic acid
    Phospholipids
    Phosphatidylcholine
    Phosphatidylethanolamine
    Phosphatidylinositol
    Lysophosphatidylcholine
    Lysophosphatidylethanolamine
    Plasmalogens
    Sphingolipids
    Sphingomyelin
    Gangliosides
    GM1
    GM2
    GM3
    Glucosylceramide
    Glycosphingolipids
    Galactosylceramide
    Lactosylceramide
    Globotriaosylceramide (GB3)
    Globoside (GB4)
    Sterols
    Squalene
    Lanosterol
    Dimethylsterol
    Methosterol
    Lathosterol
    Desmosterol
    Triacylglycerol
    Cholesterol
    7-dehydrocholesterol
    Stigma-and campesterol
    7-ketocholesterol
    Sitosterol
    β-lathosterol
    Vitamin D metabolites
    Steroid hormones
    Vitamins
    Vitamin A
    Beta carotene
    Vitamin B6
    Vitamin B8 (Inositol)
    Vitamin B12
    Vitamin C
    Vitamin D
    Vitamin E
    a-Tocopherol
    Vitamin K
    Thiamine
    Riboflavin
    Niacin
    Folic acid
    Pantothenic acid
    Biotin
    Minerals
    Calcium
    Sodium
    Potassium
    Iron
    Zinc
    Chloride
    Phosphorus
    Magnesium
    Copper
    Manganese
    Iodine
    Selenium
    Choline
    Sulpher
    Chromium
    Cobalt
    Fluorine
    Nickel
    Metal
    Molybdenum (essential element in many enzymes)
    Growth Factors (aid in the maturation of the intestinal lining)
    Cytokines
    interleukin-1β (IL-1β)
    IL-2
    IL-4
    IL-6
    IL-8
    IL-10
    Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)
    Macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF)
    Platelet derived growth factors (PDGF)
    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
    Hepatocyte growth factor -α (HGF-α)
    HGF-β
    Tumor necrosis factor-α
    Interferon-γ
    Epithelial growth factor (EGF)
    Transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α)
    TGF β1
    TGF-β2
    Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) (also known as somatomedin C)
    Insulin-like growth factor- II
    Nerve growth factor (NGF)
    Erythropoietin
    Peptides (combinations of amino acids)
    HMGF I (Human growth factor)
    HMGF II
    HMGF III
    Cholecystokinin (CCK)
    β-endorphins
    Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
    Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP)
    β-defensin-1
    Calcitonin
    Gastrin
    Motilin
    Bombesin (gastric releasing peptide, also known as neuromedin B)
    Neurotensin
    Somatostatin
    Hormones (chemical messengers that carry signals from one cell, or group of cells, to another via the blood)
    Cortisol
    Triiodothyronine (T3)
    Thyroxine (T4)
    Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (also known as thyrotropin)
    Thyroid releasing hormone (TRH)
    Prolactin
    Oxytocin
    Insulin
    Corticosterone
    Thrombopoietin
    Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
    GRH
    Leptin (aids in regulation of food intake)
    Ghrelin (aids in regulation of food intake)
    Adiponectin
    Feedback inhibitor of lactation (FIL)
    Eicosanoids
    Prostaglandins (enzymatically derived from fatty acids)
    PG-E1
    PG-E2
    PG-F2
    Leukotrienes
    Thromboxanes
    Prostacyclins
    Enzymes (catalysts that support chemical reactions in the body)
    Amylase
    Arysulfatase
    Catalase
    Histaminase
    Lipase
    Lysozyme
    PAF-acetylhydrolase
    Phosphatase
    Xanthine oxidase
    Antiproteases (thought to bind themselves to macromolecules such as enzymes and as a result prevent allergic and anaphylactic reactions)
    a-1-antitrypsin
    a-1-antichymotrypsin
    Antimicrobial factors (are used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects, such as bacteria and viruses.
    Leukocytes (white blood cells)
    Phagocytes
    Basophils
    Neutrophils
    Eoisinophils
    Macrophages
    Lymphocytes
    B lymphocytes (also known as B cells)
    T lymphocytes (also known as C cells)
    sIgA (Secretory immunoglobulin A) (the most important antiinfective factor)
    IgA2
    IgG
    IgD
    IgM
    IgE
    Complement C1
    Complement C2
    Complement C3
    Complement C4
    Complement C5
    Complement C6
    Complement C7
    Complement C8
    Complement C9
    Glycoproteins
    Mucins (attaches to bacteria and viruses to prevent them from clinging to mucousal tissues)
    Lactadherin
    Alpha-lactoglobulin
    Alpha-2 macroglobulin
    Lewis antigens
    Ribonuclease
    Haemagglutinin inhibitors
    Bifidus Factor (increases growth of Lactobacillus bifidus - which is a good bacteria)
    Lactoferrin (binds to iron which prevents harmful bacteria from using the iron to grow)
    Lactoperoxidase
    B12 binding protein (deprives microorganisms of vitamin B12)
    Fibronectin (makes phagocytes more aggressive, minimizes inflammation, and repairs damage caused by inflammation)
    Oligosaccharides (more than 200 different kinds!)

    FORMULA

    Water
    Carbohydrates
    Lactose
    Corn maltodextrin
    Protein
    Partially hydrolyzed reduced minerals whey protein concentrate (from cow’s milk)
    Fats
    Palm olein
    Soybean oil
    Coconut oil
    High oleic safflower oil (or sunflower oil)
    M. alpina oil (Fungal DHA)
    C.cohnii oil (Algal ARA)
    Minerals
    Potassium citrate
    Potassium phosphate
    Calcium chloride
    Tricalcium phosphate
    Sodium citrate
    Magnesium chloride
    Ferrous sulphate
    Zinc sulphate
    Sodium chloride
    Copper sulphate
    Potassium iodide
    Manganese sulphate
    Sodium selenate
    Vitamins
    Sodium ascorbate
    Inositol
    Choline bitartrate
    Alpha-Tocopheryl acetate
    Niacinamide
    Calcium pantothenate
    Riboflavin
    Vitamin A acetate
    Pyridoxine hydrochloride
    Thiamine mononitrate
    Folic acid
    Phylloquinone
    Biotin
    Vitamin D3
    Vitamin B12
    Enzyme
    Trypsin
    Amino acid
    Taurine
    L-Carnitine (a combination of two different amino acids)
    Nucleotides
    Cytidine 5-monophosphate
    Disodium uridine 5-monophosphate
    Adenosine 5-monophosphate
    Disodium guanosine 5-monophosphate
    Soy Lecithin

    Kelly xx

    Creator of BellyBelly.com.au, doula, writer and mother of three amazing children
    Author of Want To Be A Doula? Everything You Need To Know
    Follow me in 2015 as I go Around The World + Kids!
    Forever grateful to my incredible Mod Team

  2. #2

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    Far OUT that is a long list coming from my boobs!!

  3. #3

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    This great! Finally some way to SEE the differences.

  4. #4

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    wow! i might start drinking my milk :P How truly amazing!

  5. #5

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    Quote Originally Posted by alioops View Post
    Far OUT that is a long list coming from my boobs!!
    haha!! I agree!!! Woweeee!! Go breastmilk

  6. #6

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    Who knew I could make something that awesome!!

  7. #7

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    WOW! I've just congratulated my boobs for being so damn awesome....

  8. #8

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    Wow! Amazing!

    I am now feeling very very impressed with my breastmilk.

  9. #9

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    Perhaps if more women knew of just how many amazing things are in breastmilk compared to formula, we would have much higher BF rates and long term feeding rates too isn't it incredible? Thanks Kelly for sharing this. I'm passing this on....

  10. #10

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    Soy lecithin. Great, I'm allergic to formula.

    Good thing I was breastfed

  11. #11
    feeb's Avatar
    feeb is offline Thankful for the kindness of my 2012 RAK making me Life member

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    Such awesome things boobies are!!!!!!!

  12. #12

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    Go Boobies! Go Booboes!

    So good to see that list, I knew it was big but brilliant to see it

  13. #13

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    Like I have always said, a tin of formula is like buying a bottle of multivitamins. But as those bottles of vitamins always say, 'should not replace a balanced diet.'
    Kelly xx

    Creator of BellyBelly.com.au, doula, writer and mother of three amazing children
    Author of Want To Be A Doula? Everything You Need To Know
    Follow me in 2015 as I go Around The World + Kids!
    Forever grateful to my incredible Mod Team

  14. #14

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    Well done boobies. cept mine are full of valium and oxycontin too so i know i made the right choice for me.

  15. #15

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    Quote Originally Posted by BellyBelly View Post
    Like I have always said, a tin of formula is like buying a bottle of multivitamins. But as those bottles of vitamins always say, 'should not replace a balanced diet.'
    While i'm not going to say that breast feeding isn't better for babies but i am honestly a bit offended by this comment. I am choosing to formula feed my DD, well in a way i guess i had to as my milk didn't come in until 4 days after she was born so instead of giving her nothing she was started off on formula and then with my stay in hospital i heard so many girls having problems and i just couldnt handle it if i had issues too.

    There is so much about supporting women that breast feed and nothing to support women who formula feed their babies, and i didnt realise until now how much slack they actually cop from not only people in the medical profession but from other mums, i actually recieved a lecture from one of my male co workers!

    And then there are those women who can't breast feed at all, they tried so hard and had nothing..

  16. #16

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    Quote Originally Posted by 1stTimeMumma88 View Post
    While i'm not going to say that breast feeding isn't better for babies but i am honestly a bit offended by this comment. I am choosing to formula feed my DD, well in a way i guess i had to as my milk didn't come in until 4 days after she was born so instead of giving her nothing she was started off on formula and then with my stay in hospital i heard so many girls having problems and i just couldnt handle it if i had issues too.

    There is so much about supporting women that breast feed and nothing to support women who formula feed their babies, and i didnt realise until now how much slack they actually cop from not only people in the medical profession but from other mums, i actually recieved a lecture from one of my male co workers!

    And then there are those women who can't breast feed at all, they tried so hard and had nothing..
    There's another thread getting around that you might not want to read

    Hun as a bf mumma I find there not much support to bf either, unless in a safe place like this. The hard core facts are bm is better for babys. Formula is there if bf cant be done.
    You will hear people's opinions in everything you do as a mother, learn that now


    Kelly's comment makes sense. But you do have to take into account your own situation (your milk didn't come in) and not get offended

  17. #17

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    It is not unusual for a Mum s milk to not come in until Day 4 or longer.

  18. #18

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    Wow what amazing things our little (.)(.) are... (well mine are little )

    I have looked down and congratulated them on being AWESOME, i wonder if i showed DP this list he'd realise they are not HIS but DD's and never want to go near them again...

    1stTimeMumma88 - hun you need to make the choice best for you, for what it's worth my BM didn't come in until 2 days after i left hosp so day 4 or 5, i wasn't given a lot of information i was just told to persevere .
    We do whats best for our kids but i actually like that statement - all Kelly is saying is BM has a lot more 'balance' in the way a human baby is supposed to feed.. thats not to say that FF isn't giving a baby what it needs at the time. hun.

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