What toddler hasn’t thrown meals onto the floor that their mother lovingly prepared — over and over again?
Or who doesn’t have a toddler who seems to eat next to nothing for days on end and on other days seems to not want to stop?
Naturally, all these things can make a parent worry if their toddler is getting all the nutrients he needs.
So, could toddler formula be the answer to help ensure toddlers get all the nutrients they need?
Read on to find out more.
#1: Infant and Toddler Formulas Look Very Similar… For A Reason
You don’t have to travel far to find shelves stacked full of powdered formula products. Some formulas are made for babies under the age of 12 months. These are called infant formulas and are designed as a breastmilk substitute for babies who are not breastfed.
There are also very similar looking tins that are marketed at children over the age of 12 months. These are called toddler formulas.
There is a reason they are made to look identical, if you read on, you will understand why in point 7.
#2: Research Is Seriously Lacking Behind The Claims That Formula Companies Make
Formula companies make claims about their product. A recent trip to my local supermarket revealed that 3 different brands of formula claimed to:
- “Helps build strong foundations for immunity, brain and metabolism.”
- “A unique combination of nutrients and other ingredients designed to help support growth and development at each stage of your child’s life.”
- “Nutritionally supporting your child’s immune system and brain development.”
Formula companies market their products very well. However, scientific evidence to back up their claims is seriously lacking.
It's important for families who use formula to be able to make informed decisions, based on information they can trust. The information needs to be independent, and not driven by profit motives and marketing hype from the formula industry.
#3: Is Toddler Formula Necessary?
According to the National Health and Medical Research Council:
- Special complementary foods or milks for toddlers are not required for healthy children.
- From 12 months of age and beyond, toddlers should be consuming family foods
consistent with the Australian Dietary Guidelines.
- Solid foods should provide an increasing proportion of energy intake after 12 months. Offering a variety of nutritious foods is likely to meet most nutrient needs and provides a basis for healthy eating habits.
The nutrients that toddler formulas promote (e.g. omega 3, prebiotics and iron) can be easily obtained from a toddler’s diet. Joy Anderson, an accredited practicing dietitian and International Board Certified Lactation Consultant, says:
“Toddlers can get all the nutrients they need from the normal food groups. Prebiotics are dietary fibre (undigestible carbohydrates), so that can come from fruits, vegetables and wholegrains. Omega 3 is highest in oily fish but other foods contain it, such as beef, especially if grass-fed. Short-chain omega 3 fats, the sort found in vegetable sources like linseed, are not nearly as valuable as the long-chain type from fish and meat. Iron is obtained mostly from meat, but also fish, legumes and wholegrain cereals.”
#4: Breastmilk For Toddlers
On the other hand, breastfeeding provides a toddler with many factors that toddler formula doesn’t. Joy says:
“Human milk is designed for human children, and is a nutritious food for as long as the child drinks it. It also provides other factors, like immune factors, growth factors, hormones, etc. It's more than a food, and breastfeeding is also emotional, involving comfort, reassurance and psychological attachment to the mother.”
To find out the differences of what's in formula and what's in breastmilk, read our article here.
#5: Potential Negatives Of Toddler Formula
Toddler formula may somewhat prevent a child from developing healthy eating habits. According to Joy:
“If a mother uses toddler formula as ‘insurance’ for the child’s nutrient intake, the child may not learn healthy eating habits: ‘It doesn’t matter what else he/she eats, as the formula will make up for any deficiencies,’ type of attitude. As part of normal development, they should be learning to appreciate real food.”
Toddler formula may contain ingredients that are not healthy for toddlers. “The formula may also be sweetened, which is unhealthy. Flavours also mean unnecessary artificial additives in the child’s diet,” Joy says.
Toddler formula may also reduce iron absorption. “It's also very hard to provide iron in a cows milk formula, as the milk is naturally high in calcium and these two minerals compete for absorption. It is better to have them in different foods in the diet,” Joy says.
#6: Potential Positives Of Toddler Formula
There are few situations where toddler formula may be beneficial. According to Joy, “In extreme circumstances, if the child cannot consume normal food for some reason, then it could be useful. This should be on the advice of a doctor or qualified dietitian. There are also other formulas available for children who cannot eat normally and one of these may be more appropriate according to the child’s situation.”
#7: The MAIF Agreement And The WHO Code
The WHO Code was designed to help prevent exploitation with formula marketing. Australia responded to the WHO Code with the Marketing in Australia of Infant Formula (MAIF) Agreement, which is a voluntary, self-regulatory code of conduct between manufacturers and importers of infant formula in Australia.
The MAIF Agreement says that companies must not promote infant formula (for ages 0–6 months) or follow-on formula (for ages 6–12 months). Toddler formula (from 12 months on) is not part of these agreements.
Hence, marketing of toddler milks has no restrictions and are aggressively marketed. Research shows that many parents don’t differentiate between infant and toddler formulas, but rather only recognise the brand — which is where the first point of this article comes into play. Formula companies make both infant and toddler formulas identical in order for you to recognise the tin, hence buy their formula for your baby (despite the advertising being for toddlers).
It seems Australia has a way to go in terms of the regulation of formula. While the MAIF Agreement helps somewhat to promote and protect breastfeeding, implementing the WHO Code would be much more effective. This could be one step towards helping to improve breastfeeding rates and normalising breastfeeding a toddler and beyond. In the meantime, toddler formula is not necessary for healthy toddlers.
NOTE: If you wish to make a complaint about a formula company's advertising (due to a violation of the MAIF), the advisory panel for breeches was abolished a little while ago, due to government cut backs. However, complaints can now be made directly to the department of health.