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Thread: New encouraging VBAC/rupture studies published 2007

  1. #1

    Join Date
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    Default New encouraging VBAC/rupture studies published 2007

    Here's two studies for those wanting or deciding on a VBAC. Geeeees I HATE the words, 'trial of labour'....:



    1. Trial of labor after one previous cesarean delivery for multifetal gestation - Obstetrics and Gynecology , vol 110, no 4, October 2007, pp
    814-819 Varner MW; Thom E; Spong CY; et al - (2007)

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate success rates and risks with a trial of labor after one previous cesarean delivery for multifetal gestation compared with one previous cesarean delivery for a singleton pregnancy.

    METHODS: Patients from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network Cesarean Registry with one previous cesarean delivery and a current term singleton pregnancy were identified. Cases had one previous cesarean delivery for a multifetal pregnancy. Controls had one previous cesarean delivery for a singleton pregnancy.

    RESULTS: Of cases, 556 of 944 (58.9%) attempted a trial of labor. Of controls, 13,923 of 29,329 (47.5%) attempted a trial of labor. The trial of labor success rate was 85.6% among cases and 73.1% among controls (odds ratio 2.19, 95% confidence interval 1.72-2.78). Compared with trial of labor controls, cases had no statistically increased risk of transfusion, endometritis, intensive care unit admissions, uterine rupture, or perinatal complications. Cases in this analysis with a successful trial of labor were more likely to have previously had a successful vaginal birth after cesarean (37.1% compared with 14.1%, P<.001).

    CONCLUSION: Women with one previous cesarean delivery for a multifetal gestation have high trial of labor success rates and low complication rates.
    (6 references) (Author)




    2. Risk of uterine rupture and adverse perinatal outcome at term after cesarean delivery - Obstetrics and Gynecology , vol 110, no 4, October 2007, pp
    801-8074 Spong CY; Landon MB; Gilbert S; et al - (2007)

    OBJECTIVE: Current information on the risk of uterine rupture after cesarean delivery has generally compared the risk after trial of labor to that occurring with an elective cesarean delivery without labor. Because antepartum counseling cannot account for whether a woman will develop an indication requiring a repeat cesarean delivery or whether labor will occur before scheduled cesarean delivery, the purpose of this analysis was to provide clinically useful information regarding the risks of uterine rupture and adverse perinatal outcome for women at term with a history of prior cesarean delivery.

    METHODS: Women with a term singleton gestation and prior cesarean delivery were studied over 4 years at 19 centers. For this analysis, outcomes from five groups were studied: trial of labor, elective repeat with no labor, elective repeat with labor (women presenting in early labor who subsequently underwent cesarean delivery), indicated repeat with labor, and indicated repeat without labor. All cases of uterine rupture were reviewed centrally to assure accuracy of diagnosis.

    RESULTS: A total of 39,117 women were studied. In term pregnant women with a prior cesarean delivery, the overall risk for uterine rupture was 0.32%
    (125 of 39,117), and the overall risk for serious adverse perinatal outcome (stillbirth, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, neonatal death) was 106 of
    39,049 (0.27%). The uterine rupture risk for indicated repeat cesarean delivery (labor or without labor) was 7 of 6,080 (0.12%); the risk for elective (no indication) repeat cesarean delivery (labor or without labor) was 4 of 17,714 (0.02%). Indicated repeat cesarean delivery increased the risk of uterine rupture by a factor of 5 (odds ratio 5.1, 95% confidence interval 1.49-17.44). In the absence of an indication, the presence of labor also increased the risk of uterine rupture (4 of 2,721 [0.15%] compared with 0 of 14,993, P<.01). The highest rate of uterine rupture occurred in women undergoing trial of labor (0.74%, 114 of 15,323).

    CONCLUSION: At term, the risk of uterine rupture and adverse perinatal outcome for women with a singleton and prior cesarean delivery is low regardless of mode of delivery, occurring in 3 per 1,000 women. Maternal complications occurred in 3-8% of women within the five delivery groups. (8
    references) (Author)
    Kelly xx

    Creator of BellyBelly.com.au, doula, writer and mother of three amazing children
    Author of Want To Be A Doula? Everything You Need To Know
    Follow me in 2015 as I go Around The World + Kids!
    Forever grateful to my incredible Mod Team and many wonderful members who have been so supportive since 2003.

  2. #2

    Join Date
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    Fantastic. Its great to have the stats on hand when they try to tell you that you have a big risk of something, I don't consider .12% a high risk.

  3. #3

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    Can you get the link to the full article and where you got it?
    Cheers,

  4. #4

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    Thanks Kelly! I've been wanting some up to date stats, however I did find it a little difficult to understand...maybe preggie brain

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