If you’ve been trying to get pregnant, you might be looking for any sign you’re going to have a baby.
Chances are, you’re reading this because you want to know whether you can have symptoms in the first month.
You’ve been wondering whether that slight nausea in the morning is one of the early symptoms of pregnancy or the start of morning sickness.
Or perhaps you’re feeling extra tired after work and mood swings are making an appearance.
Maybe you just have a feeling and want to take a pregnancy test to see if a baby is on your horizon.
So many changes happen in a woman’s body during early pregnancy, and there are many signs to look out for.
But what are those pregnancy signs and symptoms in the first month?
What happens in the first weeks of pregnancy?
During the first two weeks, technically you’re not pregnant! Pregnancy is counted from day 1 of your last menstrual period (LMP) which is how your healthcare provider will estimate your due date.
So until ovulation and (hopefully) conception, your body is preparing for the possibility of a fertilized egg.
The first few weeks after conception are incredible in terms of what is going on, unseen, inside your body. Your little one is making a permanent home in your uterus and your body is making huge adjustments for this new existence.
It’s these changes that cause the many and varied symptoms you might experience in the first month of pregnancy.
You might like to read What Happens In The First Few Weeks Of Pregnancy? for more information.
How do I know I’m pregnant?
One of the most obvious signs is a missed period. Having said that, if you have irregular periods or have been experiencing fertility problems, this might not be a reliable indication for you.
The main ways of testing for early pregnancy are:
- Home pregnancy test (HPT)
- Blood test
- Ultrasound scan.
A home pregnancy test can be bought at any drug store and used at home.
You’ll need to see your doctor or midwife for a blood test or ultrasound scan.
Do I get periods in the first month of pregnancy?
Although we talk about a missed period being a very early symptom, your healthcare provider considers your last period to be the first week of your pregnancy.
Technically, you’re not pregnant until midway through your cycle. The implantation stage is the two weeks after ovulation/conception.
This means by the time you are due for your next period, hormonal changes are occurring which tell your body not to shed the uterine lining. A pregnancy has occurred so you won’t have a period.
What are the signs of early pregnancy at 2 weeks?
If a woman is described as 4 weeks pregnant, it doesn’t mean she’s been pregnant for 4 weeks.
She’s actually been pregnant for 2 weeks.
The beginning of pregnancy isn’t counted from the day you conceive.
Your healthcare provider will count the first day of your LMP as the first day of your pregnancy.
Even though you’re not pregnant until after you ovulate, and the egg is fertilized, and settles into your uterus, the first day of your LMP will be counted as the start of the first stage of your pregnancy.
Technically, at 2 weeks pregnant you won’t have any signs of pregnancy. You will be more likely to notice ovulation symptoms, indicating you’re moving into your fertile window. This is the ideal time to have sex if you want to make a baby.
How will I know if I’m one month pregnant?
The most obvious sign of pregnancy at one month is missing your period. The fertilized egg will have implanted into your uterus and started the hormonal changes that send signals to your body to halt your menstrual cycle.
Some women are very sensitive to changes in their bodies and might be able to feel the changes that signal pregnancy right away. They can have pregnancy symptoms before their missed period.
For other women, it can take a few weeks of second-guessing and wondering. This is especially true if they experience implantation bleeding.
It’s usually best to wait until your period is late before doing a test.
Although pregnancy tests claim they can give you results very early in pregnancy, you’re much more likely to get an accurate result if you wait until you’ve missed a period.
This is because of the hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), which builds up as your pregnancy progresses.
Pregnancy tests work by measuring the levels of the hCG hormone in your body. The longer you wait to test, the more of the pregnancy hormone you’ll have in your body, and the more likely you are to test positive if you are, in fact, pregnant.
Find out more in hCG Levels – What Should They Be Each Week?
How early do pregnancy symptoms start?
Every woman’s experience of early pregnancy is different, and it can even vary between pregnancies in the same woman. Some women never really experience any signs of pregnancy and others feel the immediate change taking place in their bodies.
Research shows most women will experience some symptoms in their first trimester.
The key thing that’s happening is your baby is interacting with your body to produce pregnancy hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone as well as hCG. These hormonal changes trigger the different symptoms you might experience.
It takes about a week for the fertilized egg to travel down and implant into the uterus. From then, your body is given the signal a pregnancy has occurred and to stop the menstrual cycle. Hormones rise quite rapidly, kicking off the potential for you to feel symptoms.
How early you feel them will depend on how fast the levels rise but also on how your body reacts to them. Some women aren’t affected by changes in their hormones as much as others.
What month do pregnancy symptoms start?
The most obvious sign of pregnancy is missing your next expected period, around week 4.
Studies have shown about 60% of women experience some sign of pregnancy as early as week 5 or 6.
That means, technically, it is in the second month of pregnancy that you are likely to experience symptoms.
How would I know I’m pregnant without a test?
If you don’t do a test, eventually you will experience some common symptoms, the most likely being that your period will not arrive when expected.
Every woman will experience her own unique set of pregnancy symptoms, especially during the first trimester.
Some early pregnancy symptoms are:
- Mild cramps in the back or lower belly
- Implantation bleeding
- Twinges in the lower belly
- Morning sickness
- Digestive problems, wind or gas
- Sensitivity to odors
- Mood swings or feeling emotional
- Food preferences, or cravings
- Food aversions
- Extreme fatigue or sleepiness
- Missed period
- Tender or painful nipples and breasts
- The feeling of bladder fullness
- Changes in taste buds
- Increased vaginal discharge.
As you can see, this is quite an extensive list.
You might experience all of the symptoms on the list, or none of them.
Midwife Dawn Reid says that early symptoms she commonly sees in many women in the first trimester are “morning sickness, such as nausea and vomiting, implantation bleeding, and frequent urination”.
Some women can barely eat anything during their first trimester, as their food aversions are strong. Others can’t get enough of certain foods and have cravings for them all the time.
Take a look at Pregnancy Symptoms | 16 Signs Of Pregnancy for more information.
Is being gassy a sign of pregnancy?
Digestive problems can be an early indicator of pregnancy.
Part of the reason for this is the hormone progesterone.
Hormonal changes are happening at a rapid pace in the first trimester.
When you get pregnant, the hormone progesterone rises to support the pregnancy. One of its less pleasant side effects is to slow down your digestive system.
Some symptoms caused by hormones changes are:
How do I self check my stomach for pregnancy?
In the first month of pregnancy, you won’t be able to feel your uterus, as the baby is still too small. Your uterus is still tucked down near your pubic bone.
You might have a slight belly, but that’s likely due to:
- Trapped gas
- The relaxing of your uterus if you’ve been pregnant before.
If you think you might be pregnant, the best course of action is to take a test.
If it’s positive, ask your healthcare provider for a blood test, for confirmation. This is a more accurate way of determining the levels of the hormone hCG.
Your belly won’t start to really show until you’re in your second trimester. This is because the uterus doesn’t start to move up out of the pelvis until around 12-15 weeks.
Does your stomach hurt when you’re one week pregnant?
Pain shouldn’t be a symptom of early pregnancy.
You might experience some mild cramping or twinges in your belly, but any pain should be taken seriously.
It could be a sign of ectopic pregnancy – a phenomenon in which the fertilized egg, or embryo, implants itself in the fallopian tube instead of the lining of the uterus.
Left untreated, this can be fatal, so if you’re feeling pain, go to the emergency room immediately.
You can read more in Ectopic Pregnancy – Symptoms, Signs, and Treatment.
Any strong cramps or heavy bleeding resembling a menstrual period should also be treated seriously. Be sure to read How Much Bleeding During Pregnancy Is Normal? for more information.
Always check in with your doctor or healthcare provider if you have any early pregnancy questions or concerns.
Can a pregnancy test be positive at 1 week?
Remember how we said that at 1 week pregnant you’re technically not pregnant yet? If you go on to become pregnant, your first week is actually the week you have your last menstrual period.
If you think you’ve conceived, a week after ovulation you might be tempted to do a test. Many tests sold today claim to be able to give you a result very early, just one week before your next expected period.
The problem is that you don’t know how long implantation takes and how long it will take for the hCG levels to rise high enough for a test to register the hormone. Waiting until after your period is due is recommended.
Our article How Early Can You Take A Pregnancy Test? has more information.
How many days late period means pregnancy?
It’s easy to get caught up in hoping for pregnancy.
In some cases, it can lead women to imagine symptoms of pregnancy.
In extreme cases, it can even lead to phantom pregnancy. This is when a woman believes she is having a baby and has signs of pregnancy as well. But there is actually no baby.
It can be difficult to wait, especially when home pregnancy tests boast early results.
However, the earlier you test, the more likely you are to get a false negative result.